Hello everyone! My IRN Pearl is about 5 years old, give or take a couple of months. We got her and another baby IRN at the same time from a breeder who offered them to us for free (big red flag) after avian polynomavirus ran its course through her aviary. The two we got, Pearl and Pippin, were the only two baby ringnecks who survived. We got them at four months old and kept them in the same cage since we had only anticipated getting one bird. Pippin is no longer with me, but Pearl is doing more than enough to keep me occupied. I'm undeniably her mama. She doesn't hate anyone else in the family, but it's clear that she vastly prefers me. She preens my hair, sits on my head, and generally won't leave me alone when I'm in the room. Problem is, I think her bluffing ended up reinforcing the biting behavior, despite my best efforts otherwise. Now five years down the line, she still doesn't know how to step up which is a pretty huge problem. She mostly goes after hands. I touch trained her in an attempt to start teaching her to step up and gradually trying to get her closer to my hand. Whenever she has to reach for the treat, she refuses to touch my hand in any way, and will lunge if she knows she's going to have to, and I've tried to start getting her to associate hands with good things by reinforcing using treats (holding my hand far enough away that she doesn't feel that she needs to run, but close enough that it might push her boundaries a bit. I make the treat visible to her while my hand is nearby, then click and give her the treat when she doesn't bite, or turn around for a couple of seconds when she does then offer her another chance.) She just seems so stubborn at this point that I'm very discouraged. I want to be able to play with her and love her the way she deserves, but I can't transport her away from her cage to get her used to new spaces or train her. I'm starting to worry that she's going to start plucking out of boredom. She stays on the top of her cage with many offerings of toys to chew on or forage in, but she seems pretty much uninterested. Pearl sits and preens a lot which has become quite unnerving to me. Sorry for the textwall, but I just really want to hear the thoughts and advice other ringneck owners since I don't have a lot of resources in my city.